There had been attempts to end the practice during the Qing dynasty; Manchu Kangxi Emperor tried to ban foot binding in but failed. On one occasion the empress signed her death warrant only to have the punishment commuted at the last minute to facial disfigurement. Next, her arch was strained as the foot was bent double. She believed that women should emancipate themselves from oppression, that girls can ensure their independence through education, and that they should develop new mental and physical qualities fitting for the new era. They also became an avenue for poorer women to marry into money in some areas; for example, in late 19th century Guangdong, it was customary to bind the feet of the eldest daughter of a lower-class family who was intended to be brought up as a lady. They don't really discuss the woman as a human being.
Chinese foot binding wasn’t just about sexual oppression, it was the ‘sexy walk’
Reasons behind Chinese foot binding had a lot to do with sex | Metro News
Archived from the original on June 4, The bound foot has played a prominent part in many media works, both Chinese and non-Chinese, modern and traditional. Confucian thought: selfhood as creative transformation.
University of Minnesota Press. Textile Research Centre. Problems playing this file? Then, the toenails were cut back as far as possible to prevent in-growth and subsequent infections, since the toes were to be pressed tightly into the sole of the foot.